TBT mid month edition

#44
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President of Liberia, His excellency Goerge Weah,
in Nairobi in 1989.
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This was at Nyayo Stadium.I can see Kenya's No.16,Abbas Khamis Magongo a midfield maestro.He wore jersey no.13 at Gor Mahia,I think when he died that Jersey number too was retired from Gor Mahia.He was also nicknamed Zamalek,because when Gor Mahia played Zamalek of Egypt in Cairo/Alexandria 1984 there was a possibility of Gor knocking out Zamalek,the referee gave Zamalek a dubious penalty, Magongo could not stomach that, he led other players in beating up the ref,Gor was banned but when they came back for the continental games,they won the Nelson Mandela trophy in 1987.
 
#45
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Phillip Ochieng went to Tanzania in 1970 after being asked to resign from Nation for having burnt some overly inquisitive female journalist’s nose with a cigarette. Life in Tanzania proved quite enjoyable, where Ochieng met several world scholars such as Walter Rodney, Ayi Kwei Armah, Mohammed Issa Shivji and African leaders, including Robert Mugabe, Sam Nujoma, Yoweri Museveni and Agostinho Neto.
But Ochieng had to leave Tanzania, claiming that Tanzanians were fed up with his presence. He had rubbed some Tanzanians the wrong way with his columns, ‘The Way I See It’ and ‘Ochieng on Sunday.’ Tanzanians couldn’t just stand a man who rebuked them for their failings, in English, a language few of them were good at because of their colonial heritage.
From Tanzania, Ochieng worked for the Weekly Review then Target — a Nairobi-based Christian weekly, before he rejoined the Nation after a stint in exile and some time in Dar again. He resigned from Nation in December 1981 when he was the chief sub-editor and left for Uganda in 1982. His stay there was short-lived.
Ochieng’s paper published a story citing then President of Seychelles, Albert René, accusing Charles Njonjo of being involved in the attempted coup in Seychelles. Some people in Obote’s government weren’t happy. It was exile again, in Italy, where he worked for Inter Press Service for three years before returning to the Nation, resigning in 1988 to edit the Kenya Times, the ruling party, Kanu, newspaper.
It is his time at the Kenya Times that many Kenyans associate with Ochieng more than when he worked elsewhere.
Ochieng may have been the co-author of the most memorable book on Kenya’s political transition, The Kenyatta Succession, with Joseph Karimi. But probably his enduring contribution to knowledge on Kenya’s media is his book, I Accuse the Press.
Yet Ochieng stands accused, by many Kenyans, of several ills that he allegedly committed as a journalist. He is accused of having used his time as the editor-in-chief of the Kenya Times to harangue those opposed to the government of the day.
He is accused of rejecting multiparty democracy. Many condemn him for personally attacking individuals through the pages of the Kenya Times. Others believe to date that Ochieng was behind the infamous character assassinating ‘Kanu Briefs’ that ran in the Kenya Times in the 1990s.
excerpts from: www.nation.co.ke
 
#48
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Wallah Bin Wallah revolutionised Swahili learning at primary school level.He’s a renowned author of several titles but few people know his background.
Wallah was born in 1952 in Nyakach, in the then Nyando District (now Kisumu County). However; he did not attend his early education in Kenya. He went to Tanzania where his father was working with East African Railway, where he schooled in two different schools.
He was enrolled in Standard One at Lukungu Lower Primary School, where he studied from Standard One to Four. In Standard Four, he sat for his Common Entrance Examination (C.E.E). He later joined Bukumbi Upper Primary School in Mwanza, and sat for his General Entrance Examination (G.E.E) in 1970.
Nevertheless, his life at both schools was not a bed of roses. His father was not supportive in paying school fees and as a result, he was compelled to look for means of survival.
When he joined Nyegezi Seminary for secondary education, he had a different dream from what he is now; he intended to be a priest or father, as the school was offering secondary education, but only on religious education. However, he was forced to abandon his studies abruptly, after it emerged that he was not a Tanzanian. It was at this time when Ujamaa Villages were being embraced by Tanzanians for the country’s economist benefit.
“I dropped out of school after only one year,” said the 61-year-old. His life was full of coincidences. As he was preparing to return to Kenya, he coincidentally met one named Musa Bwana, who was a fish monger. ”He used to buy and take fish to Kisumu. I had some amount, and one fish was being sold at Sh.3. I bought some and accompanied Musa, to Kisumu, using a vessel called MV Victoria,” revealed the author.The business was making profit which made him to stay in Tanzania for over six months, before coming to Nairobi.
When he arrived to Nairobi in November, 1973. another coincidence knocked on the door of his life. ”I met a man called Zuberi Mohamed, and his sister. They were Tanzanians from Moshi, who had come to Kenya for education. They welcomed and accommodated me, and we all joined Raval’s Secondary School in 1974 which was located on Latema Road, on the building which is used by Midview Hotel currently,” said Wallah.
He said his book; ”Malenga Wa Ziwa Kuu” was published while he was in Form Two. In 1975, he sat for his Kenya Junior Secondary School exam. Between 1976 and 1977, he had no option, but to sell ‘sukumawiki’ and groundnuts, in order to cater for his school fees.
He added that he would sell the goods at the roadside in Nairobi West to people heading to Kibera, from Industrial Area after work. No sooner had he completed his education at Raval’s than he was employed by the school, as Kiswahili teacher.
He later enrolled at Aga Khan Academy for ‘A’ Level, as a private candidate. ”I organised with Ali Attas so that I could be attending lessons after work,” he said. He established a good rapport with Attas, who is now the director, Radio Japan, and who used to work at Oxford University Press as Chief Editor of Kiswahili books and at BBC as a broadcaster.
In 1979, he sat for his Kenya Secondary Advanced Education.’ I wanted to be a secondary school teacher. Therefore, I joined Morogoro Teachers Training College in Tanzania in 1980 for Diploma in Teaching and completed in 1981 and returned to Kenya the same year (1981),” he said.
In 1982, he began teaching at Misiani Girls’ Secondary School in Kangundo where he taught for three years. ”In January 1985, I was transferred to Isinya Girls’ in Kajiado, after receiving a letter from retired President Daniel Moi and the late Prof. George Saitoti, who was then Vice- President. I was told that my ‘expertise in Kiswahili was needed there’ (Isinya),” he revealed.
Nevertheless, the father of six taught at the school for two years before joining Mbita High School in 1987 to 1994.While at Mbita, he had to resign so as to concentrate on book writing. ”I wanted to come to Nairobi where I could access publishers easily. As I was thinking of a place to land in Nairobi, I was requested by Makini Schools to go and teach there. This was a coincidence again,” he said, adding that his life has been full of coincidences.
He joined Makini Schools in Ngong Road, Nairobi in 1994. He enabled the school to gain fame. In fact his fame spread fast like ash thrown in the air. It was at Makini when he was approached by top officials from Longhorn Publishers, requesting him to write a course book.
”It was at this time when books like ‘Golden Tips’ and ‘Top Mark’ were popular. So Sossion and Musyoki Muli asked me if I could write a Kiswahili course book for them. I agreed and they were shocked when I told them I would only spend one week to come up with manuscripts,” revealed Wallah.
He came up with “Mazoezi na Marudio ya Gateway, Kiswahili,” which was published and gained fame in 1997. Luck knocked on the door again for the writer, when he received a contract from the Constitution Review Commission to translate the drafted constitution from English to Kiswahili.
Consequently, his accommodation and food were catered for by the Commission, at the Nairobi’s Hilton Hotel, for eighteen months.’ I was doing the translation during the day, and at night, I was writing my ‘Kiswahili Mufti’ books. This was an ample place for me to do both jobs,” said the author, insisting that he could not sleep.
In 2006 he left Makini Schools, and at the same year, published his “Taswira ya Mtihani, KCPE Kiswahili”. He also made a stride forward by publishing two books; ”Insha Mufti- Kioo cha Mwanafunzi” and ”Chemshabongo, Mwandani wa Mwanafunzi” in 2007.
In 2012 he was approached by the Director, Target Publications Limited, Simon Sossion, requesting him to write three course books for the company to be used in Uganda.
“I collaborated with Joseph Mwamburi and Henry Indindi to come up with ”Kurunzi ya Kiswahili” Book 5, 6 and 7,” he said. Apart from course books, Wallah has also begun writing short stories. In fact, he has authored five short stories; namely: ”Zawadi ya Sanda”, ”Sitaki Simu”, ”Tumgidie Bwege”, ”Mbwa wa Majini” and ”Kicheko cha Maiti”. The five were published by him through Wasta Kiswahili Centre. Furthermore he is preparing 14 short stories two of which he has given a publisher.
“I have given two titles to Oxford University Press for publication. The two are ‘Kifo cha Wema’ and ‘Kitanzi cha Utandawizi’ ,” he said, adding that publishers are fighting for his manuscripts. The short stories are meant to guide people on secrets of life and counsel them on how they should live.
Wallah, who holds a Diploma in Kiswahili and Arabic from Institute of Kiswahili and Foreign Languages in Zanzibar, has established Wasta Kiswahili Centre (Kasri Mufti) as a way of promoting Kiswahili apart from writing books. At the centre are several buildings used for various occasions.
There is a hall, used for lectures for those seeking guidance on matters pertaining to Kiswahili. Students from all over the country with their teachers, congregate nearly every day, in a bid to improve their performance in the national language. Journalists and students also seek guidance from the centre. Apart from learning, the centre also awards those who eloquently speak and write standard Swahili yearly.
Written By obiero: literatureafrica.wordpress.com
 
#50
An East African airways plane on the tarmac in Mombasa in 1975.
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British colonialists would travel from the countryside to watch planes take off in Nairobi. Back in 1945, then British territory and Colonial Office had set up the East African Airways Corp. with a budget of just 50,000 pounds. Flight technology was new and exciting an elite toy operated by the colonial overlords of Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika, now Tanzania.
Then came the decolonization of the 1960s and the trials of newfound independence. The leaders of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda were left ill-equipped colonialists had run the colonies with control and extraction in mind, not sustainable profitability thanks to labor and resource shortages. This made it difficult to turn their economies around, but in 1967 the countries joined forces and created a loosely binding economic union known as the East African Community. Within its purview was the renamed East African Airways, now African-owned and African-operated, along with a postal service, railways and road services.
What began as minor squabbles over in-flight beverages ultimately led to the breakup of a once promising and international partnership.
On the surface rise, there were calls for East African unity and to “think East African,” as Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere famously stated; at home, though, leaders preached nationalism, and people were beginning to identify as Kenyan, Ugandan and Tanzanian. While the airline’s slogan promoted unity with its “Fly Amongst Friends” slogan, behind the scenes it was clear that officials in charge of airline operations “were literally at each other’s throats,” says Michael Scharff, who wrote on the subject at the University of Oxford. What began as minor squabbles over in-flight beverages ultimately led to the breakup of a once promising and international partnership.
Ugandan officials balked when they discovered that the rise EAA was to serve only Kenya’s national beer, Tusker, a strong symbol of Kenyan pride. This upset Ugandans who wanted their own beers on board, in addition to their potent gin, Waragi. They filed an official complaint with the EAC’s Kenya rep, who claimed it had nothing to do with nationalism, despite the Tusker label, which read “My Beer, My Country.” Instead, it was purely about economics. Tusker was sold in lightweight disposable bottles, not heavy glass ones, which meant the airline could stock twice as many, serve more customers and make more money.
Fights over beer rise may sound trivial, but stakes were high. The airline’s international routes allowed it to compete with the biggest names in aviation at the time KLM, Pan American, Air France and “literally and figuratively put East Africa on the map,” according to Scharff.
In many ways the business battles were unsurprising in light of the vastly different postcolonial governing styles and economic ideologies. You had capitalism in Kenya under the business-minded Jomo Kenyatta, socialism in Tanzania under Nyerere and militarism in Uganda under the infamous and brutal Milton Obote and Idi Amin. Kenyatta’s forward-thinking capitalism differed vastly from Nyerere’s socialism, which would ultimately doom his economy. In Uganda, things were OK for the first couple of years, but then Obote was kicked out in a coup in 1971, and Amin, with next to no business acumen, took power. That didn’t sit well with either Tanzania or Kenya, and sparked serious regional tensions. Suspicions were so high that Tanzania’s government-owned newspaper published an editorial claiming the British and Israelis were conspiring to bust up EAA to benefit Kenya, already the regional economic powerhouse.
Even the location of maintenance facilities caused drama. Kenya traditionally had the best facilities and maintenance crews, and ticket sales went back to the airline’s headquarters in Kenya, but Uganda and Tanzania were understandably jealous. Kenyan Cabinet Minister Bruce Mackenzie was an alleged “secret agent” for British and Israeli intelligence, both of which led a “vigorous campaign” to bring down EAA, according to My Footprints on the Sands of Time, a memoir by Kenyan historian Bethwell Allan Ogot.
Many suspect that the Kenyans were trying to run EAA into the ground so they could pick up the pieces and create their own national airline, which they did. By February 1977, EAA was saddled with $120 million in debt, and the National Bank of Kenya had underwritten four years worth of massive loans. Uganda and Tanzania refused to make payments, forcing the bank to close the accounts. EAA couldn’t pay its fuel bills, which led to Shell Oil cutting off the fleet’s fuel supply.
Kenya, which already had maintenance crews, facilities and pilots, pounced. It took what planes it could and repainted them, launching Kenya Airways two days later, which ended up being one of the “most successful African airlines of all time,” says Scharff. And Ugandans, Tanzanians and Kenyans would never again gather on the rooftop of the Nairobi airport to watch the planes take off for faraway places.
source: newslexpoint.com
 
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